How does Ganoderma grow and spread itself? What is the significance of Ganoderma spore towards human being?
Every summer and autumn, when Ganoderma Lucidum fruit body ripen, smoke seems to come out from this fungus. Actually, it is releasing Ganoderma spore powder to reproduce and continue its life.
Carried away by the wind, most spore ends up in ashes or in the soil. Only some rare lucky spore find their way to the forest and land on wooden log that will mother them.
The Ganoderma spore quickly form primary hypha. The hypha is equivalent to the ovum or sperm of human being. It is not a wholesome life body and is very weak.
The primary hypha must find another of its kind in order to complete the fertilization process into secondary hypha to proceed with normal growth. This process is like an ovum of female obtaining complete life after being fertilized by a sperm.
The secondary hypha keeps excreting hydrolase enzyme into the wood. Such enzyme has a very strong decomposing ability.
It absorbs fiber after breaking it down and manufacture essential nutrients for its own growth.
As long as the nutrients in the wood are sufficient, the secondary hypha will live for many years, even up to a few hundred years. The strong will of hypha proves its ability to overcome adverse conditions such as humidity and other viral infections.
In fact, Ganoderma Lucidum ability to fight against disease, insect and other harmful factor is outstanding among the world of Basidiomycetes.
When hypha used up the nutrients and the climatic condition do not allow continuous growth of hypha, it will find a way to reproduce. Some hypha will break down on the surface and reproduce themselves. And the mushroom finally pops up.
Following the fruit body growth, numerous basidium (spore carrier) are formed on top of it. This is why superior grade of fungi like Ganoderma Lucidum and mushroom are known as Basidiomycetes.
The two nuclei within the basidium first combined to form a single nucleus. Then, it divides itself to produce four small nuclei, forming four spores. Finally the basidium ejects the ripen Ganoderma spore from its fruit body.
The new generation of Ganoderma spore is produced and the cycle repeats itself.
This is how Ganoderma Lucidum survive the warm and humid forest environment. It abandons the best of greenery and chooses to reproduce on decaying wood, making wonders out of the rotten.
Ganoderma Lucidum is an important ambassador between human being and mother nature. It is regarded as the uncrown king of the Mycetes kingdom, making extraordinary contributions to human being.
Other members of the Basidiomycetes family such as mushroom and tremella live on wood fiber too. They are also beneficial to our health in one way or another.
This common characteristic comes not by chance. In the process of breaking down wood fiber, nutrients beneficial to human body are formed.
The best part is that not only does Ganoderma Lucidum feed on wood fiber, its fruit body will eventually become hard. The polysaccharides and triterpenes produced in this process cannot be found in human body.
Some of these components are bioactive and are very important tonics in regulating the internal and external environment of human body. And these nutrients are mostly in Ganoderma Lucidum fruit body and Ganoderma spore.
The most precious part of this fungus is the Ganoderma spore. It contains the most beneficial components for our health such as polysaccharides, Ganoderma acid and minerals.
However, Ganoderma spore shell is hard and solid. Human body cannot easily digest it. That's why a special spore shell breaking technique must be used to unlock its essences.
The existence of spore powder depends on the cultivation method. Different types of growth pattern produce different quality of Ganoderma Ludicum. Three common cultivation methods are natural growth, vacuum packing and log wood cultivation.
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